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Baseline metabolic tumour burden improves risk stratification in Hodgkin lymphoma: A Children’s Oncology Group study

Br J Haematol. 2023 Mar 15. doi: 10.1111/bjh.18734. Online ahead of print.


The Children’s Oncology Group AHOD0831 study used a positron emission tomography (PET) response-adapted approach in high-risk Hodgkin lymphoma, whereby slow early responders (SERs) received more intensive therapy than rapid early responders (RERs). We explored if baseline PET-based characteristics would improve risk stratification. Of 166 patients enrolled in the COG AHOD0831 study, 94 (57%) had baseline PET scans evaluable for quantitative analysis. For these patients, total body metabolic tumour volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax ) and peak SUV (SUVpeak ) were obtained. MTV/TLG thresholds were an SUV of 2.5 (MTV2.5 /TLG2.5 ) and 40% of the tumour SUVmax (MTV40% /TLG40% ). TLG2.5 was associated with event-free survival (EFS) in the complete cohort (p = 0.04) and in RERs (p = 0.01), but not in SERs (p = 0.8). The Youden index cut-off for TLG2.5 was 1841. Four-year EFS was 92% for RER/TLG2.5 up to 1841, 60% for RER/TLG2.5 greater than 1841, 74% for SER/TLG2.5 up to 1841 and 79% for SER/TLG2.5 greater than 1841. Second EFS for RER/TLG2.5 up to 1841 was 100%. Thus, RERs with a low baseline TLG2.5 experienced excellent EFS with less intensive therapy, whereas RERs with a high baseline TLG2.5 experienced poor EFS. These findings suggest that patients with a high upfront tumour burden may benefit from intensified therapy, even if they achieve a RER.

PMID:36922022 | DOI:10.1111/bjh.18734

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