Nevin Manimala Statistics

Congenital penile curvature as a possible risk factor for the onset of Peyronie’s disease, and psychological consequences of penile curvature

Arch Ital Urol Androl. 2023 Mar 15. doi: 10.4081/aiua.2023.11238. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To investigate a possible relationship between a history of congenital penile curvature (CPC) and Peyronie’s disease (PD), and to characterize the psychological profile of patients suffering from PD, with or without concomitant CPC.

METHODS: We included 519 patients with Peyronie’s disease (PD), of which 73 were found to have underlaying CPC. As a comparator population, we selected 2166 patients without PD, referring to our tertiary care clinic. In this population we detected 15 subjects with CPC. All patients completed the GAD-7 (Generalized-Anxiety-Disorder – 7 questions) and the PHQ-9 (Patient-Health-Questionnaire – 9 questions) questionnaires.

RESULTS: The overall prevalence of CPC in PD-patients was 14.07%, compared to a prevalence of 0.69% in the non-PD control population (p < 0.00001). Moderate-to-severe anxiety was found to be present in 89.4% of all PD-patients. Significantly higher proportions of patients with CPC associated with PD showed severe anxiety, compared to patients with PD alone (57.5% vs. 36.7%, respectively, p = 0.0008). Moderate- severe depression was found to be present in 57.8% of all PD- patients. Significantly higher proportions of PD patients with a history of CPC showed severe depression, compared to patients with PD alone (13.6% vs. 3.36%, respectively, p < 0.0002). GAD-7 median scores were significantly higher in patients with more severe penile curvatures (> 45°; p = 0.029). We did not detect a statistically significant difference between PHQ-9 medi- an scores based on the severity of PD (p = 0.53). Analysis of PHQ-9 and GAD-7 median scores showed significantly worse depressive and anxious symptoms in younger patients (p < 0.001 and p = 0.0013, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of congenital-penile-curvature may represent a risk factor for the subsequent onset of Peyronie’s disease. Moderate/severe anxiety and moderate/severe depression were reported in a high fraction of cases. Anxiety was significantly higher in patients with more severe penile-curvatures, and depression was present independently of the degree of penile curvature. Depression and anxiety were found to be more severe in younger subjects.

PMID:36924365 | DOI:10.4081/aiua.2023.11238

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala