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Investigation of associations between apolipoprotein A5 and C3 gene polymorphisms with plasma triglyceride and lipid levels

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2023 Mar 10;69(3):415-420. doi: 10.1590/1806-9282.20221016. eCollection 2023.


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine frequency and associations between APOA5 c.56C>G, -1131T>C, c.553G>T, and APOC3 -482C>T and SstI gene polymorphisms with hypertriglyceridemia.

METHODS: Under a case-control study model, 135 hypertriglyceridemic and 178 normotriglyceridemic control participants were recruited. Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods were utilized for genotyping. Statistical calculations were performed by comparing allele and genotype frequencies between groups. Clinical characteristics were compared between groups and intra-group genotypes.

RESULTS: APOC3 gene -482C>T and SstI polymorphic genotypes and allele frequencies were significantly higher in hypertriglyceridemic group (genotype frequencies, p=0.035, p=0.028, respectively). Regression analysis under unadjusted model confirmed that APOC3 -482C>T and SstI polymorphisms were significantly contributing to have hypertriglyceridemia (p=0.02, odds ratio [OR]=1.831 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.095-3.060); p=0.04, OR=1.812 (1.031-3.183), respectively). APOA5 c.56C>G was in complete linkage disequilibrium with APOA5 c.553G>T polymorphism (D’=1).

CONCLUSION: For the first time in a population sample from Turkey, among the five polymorphisms of APOA5 and APOC3 genes investigated, APOC3 -482C>T and SstI polymorphisms were associated with elevated serum TG levels, while APOA5 c.56C>G, -1131T>C, and c.553G>T polymorphisms were not.

PMID:36921196 | DOI:10.1590/1806-9282.20221016

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