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Mouse Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Model Induced by Periarterial Incubation of Papain

Lab Invest. 2023 Mar;103(3):100035. doi: 10.1016/j.labinv.2022.100035. Epub 2023 Jan 10.


For decades, numerous experimental animal models have been developed to examine the pathophysiologic mechanisms and potential treatments for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in diverse species with varying chemical or surgical approaches. This study aimed to create an AAA mouse model by the periarterial incubation with papain, which can mimic human AAA with advantages such as simplicity, convenience, and high efficiency. Eighty C57BL/6J male mice were randomly assigned to 1 of the 4 groups: papain (1.0 or 2.0 mg), porcine pancreatic elastase, and phosphate-buffered solution. The aortic segment was wrapped for 20 minutes, and the diameter was measured using ultrasound preoperatively and postoperative days 7 and 14. Then, the mice were killed for histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analyses. According to ultrasound measurements and histomorphometric analyses, on postoperative day 7, 65% of mice in the 1.0-mg papain group and 60% of mice in the 2.0-mg papain group developed AAA. In both papain groups, 100% of mice developed AAA, and 65% of mice in the porcine pancreatic elastase group developed AAA on postoperative day 14. Furthermore, hematoxylin/eosin, elastin van Gieson, and Masson staining of tissues from the papain group revealed thickened media and intimal hyperplasia, collagen sediments, and elastin destruction, indicating that AAA histochemical alteration was similar to that of humans. In addition, the immunohistochemical analysis was conducted to detect infiltrated inflammatory cells, such as macrophages and leukocytes, in the aortic wall and hyperplasic adventitia. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9 was significantly upregulated in papain and human AAA tissues. Periarterial incubation with 1.0 mg of papain for 20 minutes can successfully create an experimental AAA model in mice for 14 days, which can be used to explore the mechanism and treatment of human AAA.

PMID:36925203 | DOI:10.1016/j.labinv.2022.100035

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