Nevin Manimala Statistics

Ranking Breast Cancer Drugs and Biomarkers Identification Using Machine Learning and Pharmacogenomics

ACS Pharmacol Transl Sci. 2023 Feb 24;6(3):399-409. doi: 10.1021/acsptsci.2c00212. eCollection 2023 Mar 10.


Breast cancer is one of the major causes of death in women worldwide. It is a diverse illness with substantial intersubject heterogeneity, even among individuals with the same type of tumor, and customized therapy has become increasingly important in this sector. Because of the clinical and physical variability of different kinds of breast cancers, multiple staging and classification systems have been developed. As a result, these tumors exhibit a wide range of gene expression and prognostic indicators. To date, no comprehensive investigation of model training procedures on information from numerous cell line screenings has been conducted together with radiation data. We used human breast cancer cell lines and drug sensitivity information from Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) and Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) databases to scan for potential drugs using cell line data. The results are further validated through three machine learning approaches: Elastic Net, LASSO, and Ridge. Next, we selected top-ranked biomarkers based on their role in breast cancer and tested them further for their resistance to radiation using the data from the Cleveland database. We have identified six drugs named Palbociclib, Panobinostat, PD-0325901, PLX4720, Selumetinib, and Tanespimycin that significantly perform on breast cancer cell lines. Also, five biomarkers named TNFSF15, DCAF6, KDM6A, PHETA2, and IFNGR1 are sensitive to all six shortlisted drugs and show sensitivity to the radiations. The proposed biomarkers and drug sensitivity analysis are helpful in translational cancer studies and provide valuable insights for clinical trial design.

PMID:36926455 | PMC:PMC10012252 | DOI:10.1021/acsptsci.2c00212

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