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From fixed-pressure paediGAV to programmable proGAV/proSA serial valves for pediatric hydrocephalus within the 1st year of life: a technical single-center analysis

J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2023 Mar 17:1-9. doi: 10.3171/2023.1.PEDS22341. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: Programmable valves have gained increasing popularity in the complex treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus. Over the last decade, adjustable serial valves have gradually replaced fixed-pressure valves in the authors’ department. The present study investigates this development by analyzing shunt- and valve-related outcomes for this vulnerable population.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all shunting procedures between January 2009 and January 2021 in children younger than 1 year of age was performed at the authors’ single-center institution. Postoperative complications and surgical revisions were set as outcome parameters. Shunt and valve survival rates were evaluated. Statistical analysis compared children who underwent implantation of the Miethke proGAV/proSA programmable serial valves with those who underwent implantation of the fixed-pressure Miethke paediGAV system.

RESULTS: Eighty-five procedures were evaluated. The paediGAV system was implanted in 39 cases and the proGAV/proSA in 46 cases. The mean ± SD follow-up was 247.7 ± 140 weeks. In 2009 and 2010, paediGAV valves were used exclusively, but by 2019, the use of proGAV/proSA had evolved into the first-line therapy. The paediGAV system was significantly more often revised (p < 0.05). The main indication for revision was proximal occlusion, with or without impairment to the valve. The valve and shunt survival rates of proGAV/proSA were significantly prolonged (p < 0.05). The surgery-free valve survival of proGAV/proSA was 90% after 1 year and 63% after 6 years. There were no overdrainage-related revisions of proGAV/proSA valves.

CONCLUSIONS: Favorable shunt and valve survival validates the increasing use of programmable proGAV/proSA serial valves in this delicate population. Potential benefits in postoperative treatment should be addressed in prospective multicenter studies.

PMID:36933264 | DOI:10.3171/2023.1.PEDS22341

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