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Palatal shape covariation in extraction versus nonextraction borderline patients: A geometric morphometric study

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2023 Mar 16:S0889-5406(23)00099-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2023.02.006. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate changes in palatal shape after orthodontic treatment from a borderline sample of extraction and nonextraction patients with a Class I relationship.

METHODS: A borderline sample regarding premolar extractions was obtained through discriminant analysis and comprised 30 nonextraction and 23 extraction patients. The digital dental casts of these patients were digitized with 3 curves and 239 landmarks placed on the hard palate. Procrustes superimposition and principal component analysis were implemented to assess group shape variability patterns.

RESULTS: The success of the discriminant analysis in identifying a borderline sample regarding the extraction modality was validated using geometric morphometrics. Concerning palatal shape, no sexual dimorphism was found (P = 0.78). The first 6 principal components that were statistically significant accounted for 79.2% of the total shape variance. Palatal changes were 61% more pronounced in the extraction group, which exhibited a decrease in palatal length (P = 0.02; 10,000 permutations). In contrast, the nonextraction group showed an increase in the palatal width (P <0.001; 10,000 permutations). Intergroup comparisons indicated that the nonextraction group exhibited longer palates, whereas the extraction group exhibited higher palates (P = 0.02; 10,000 permutations).

CONCLUSIONS: Considerable changes in palatal shape were seen for the nonextraction and extraction treatment group, with the latter exhibiting more pronounced changes, mainly in terms of palatal length. Further investigations are needed to clarify the clinical significance of the palatal shape changes in borderline patients after extraction and nonextraction treatment.

PMID:36934057 | DOI:10.1016/j.ajodo.2023.02.006

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