Environ Res. 2023 Sep 1:117062. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2023.117062. Online ahead of print.
Psoriasis is one of the most common immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs). Living in a rural environment during childhood is associated with a decreased risk of certain IMIDs, like asthma, in adulthood. However, its role in other IMIDs, such as psoriasis is still unclear. To evaluate the relationships between different factors related to the environment during childhood and the risk of psoriasis in adulthood we conducted a study in E3N, a French prospective cohort composed of 98 995 women. During the 1990-2018 follow-up of 72 154 study participants, we identified 1967 incident cases of psoriasis from self-reports in self-administered structured questionnaires. During the 2004-2018 follow-up of 67 917 study participants, 188 moderate-to-severe cases of psoriasis were identified through self-reports and from data from a drug reimbursement database. We fitted Cox proportional hazards regression models with age as the time scale and adjusted for putative confounders (aHRs). We found inverse associations with risk of psoriasis for rural birthplace [aHR: 0.89 (95%CI: 0.79-0.96)] and for having farming parents [aHR: 0.84 (95%CI: 0.72-0.97)]. For moderate-to-severe psoriasis we found a nominally similar inverse association with rural birthplace but not with having farming parents. Our results suggest that an exposure to a rural environment during childhood may be associated with a reduced risk of psoriasis. These findings may help to improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of psoriasis.