Proc Inst Mech Eng H. 2023 Sep 5:9544119231196285. doi: 10.1177/09544119231196285. Online ahead of print.
This study proposes an intelligent health prediction and fault prognosis of the endodontic file during the root canal treatment. Root canal treatment is the procedure of disinfecting the infected pulp through the canal with the help of an endodontic instrument. Force signals are acquired with the help of a dynamometer during the canal preparation, and statistical features are extracted. The extracted features are selected through the window-wise feature extraction process. Characteristic features for endodontic file prognostics include time-domain features of the signals are evaluated. The extracted feature has inappropriate information, that is, noise between the signals; hence the smoothing of the feature is required at this stage to observe a trend in the signals. Based on the smoothing feature and post-processing of the feature, defined the health index to calculate the health condition of the endodontic instruments. A machine learning algorithm and exponential degradation model are used to predict the health of the endodontic instrument during the root canal treatment. This model is used to forecast the degradation of the endodontic file so that actions can be taken before actual failures happen. The proposed methodology can analyze the failures and micro-crack initiation of the endodontic instruments. Endodontics practitioners can use the machine learning models as well as an exponential model for estimating the health condition of the endodontic instrument. This study may help the clinician to progress the efficiency of the root canal treatment and the competence of the endodontic instruments.