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The Relationship Between Colorectal Cancer Survivors’ Positive Psychology, Symptom Characteristics, and Prior Trauma During Acute Cancer Survivorship

Oncol Nurs Forum. 2022 Dec 16;50(1):115-127. doi: 10.1188/23.ONF.115-127.


OBJECTIVES: To examine colorectal cancer survivors’ positive psychology and symptom characteristics, and to assess for potential impact of prior trauma on these relationships during acute cancer survivorship.

SAMPLE & SETTING: A cross-sectional study of 117 colorectal cancer survivors was conducted at a National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center.

METHODS & VARIABLES: Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, and the Carver Benefit Finding Scale and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory assessed positive psychology. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS: 49 symptoms were reported and varied based on prior trauma. Significance was found between positive psychology and symptom frequency (p < 0.001); symptoms reported almost daily and daily were inversely related to positive psychology.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses should prioritize symptoms; less frequent symptoms improve positive psychology. Early identification of positive changes may promote survivors’ self-awareness and management skills to mitigate adverse symptoms.

PMID:37677795 | DOI:10.1188/23.ONF.115-127

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