Polymers (Basel). 2023 Aug 26;15(17):3558. doi: 10.3390/polym15173558.
The aim of the study was to develop polymer matrix tablets with modified release of dry Betula pendula leaf extract and to investigate basic parameters influencing the drug release pattern. To fully assess the statistical significance of the influence of the individual factors in the tablet formulation development as well as the combination of them, Tukey’s tests and a complete 33 factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) were applied. The following three factors were studied at three levels (low, medium and high): influence of the hydrophobic/hydrophilic polymer ratio Ethylcellulose (EC)/Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) (40/60, 25/75 and 10/90), influence of HPMC molecular weight (500 kDa, 750 kDa and 1150 kDa), and influence of the compression force applied (1 t, 1.5 t and 2 t). The effect of these varied parameters on the drug release parameter t80 was evaluated statistically. Twenty-seven tablet models were formulated, including all possible combinations of the variables. The obtained drug release profiles demonstrated that a 25/75 (EC/HPMC) ratio was the most suitable for prolonging the release process. Increasing the molecular weight of HMPC from 500 kDa to 750-1150 kDa and applying higher compression force significantly influenced the studied t80 values and caused sustained drug release (t80 up to 7.97 h). The combination of the hydrophilic HPMC polymer with the hydrophobic EC can result in the formation of a promising drug-carrying matrix, offering effective control of the drug release process.