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Knowledge of lactation amenorrhea method among postpartum women in Ethiopia: a facility-based cross-sectional study

Sci Rep. 2023 Sep 9;13(1):14916. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-42196-w.


While the importance of knowledge about contraceptives in improving their utilization and thereby reducing the risk of unintended pregnancies is well documented, there are limited studies documented about the Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM). Thus, understanding the knowledge of postpartum mothers about LAM is essential for designing tailored interventions. This study assessed the level of knowledge about LAM and its associated factors among postpartum mothers in Ethiopia. A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 3148 randomly selected postpartum participants. The study utilized multistage sampling approach in hospitals located across five regions and one city administration in Ethiopia. Data were collected using face-to-face interviews at discharge. A participant was categorized as having knowledge of LAM if she correctly answered the three LAM criteria: amenorrhea, the first 6 months, and exclusive breast feeding. A binary logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with knowledge of LAM. Variables with p < 0.25 in the binary logistic regression were included in the multiple logistic regression. Then, associations were described using the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) along with the 95% confidence interval (CI), and statistical significance was declared at p < 0.05. Only four in 10 participants (40.6%; 95% CI 38.9-42.3) had knowledge of LAM. Participants who attended college or above educational level (AOR = 2.1, 95% CI 1.5-2.8), those with parity of two (AOR = 2.3; 95% CI 1.6-3.6) or more than two (AOR = 2.4; 95% CI 1.5-4.0), those who expressed a desire for further fertility (AOR = 1.3; 95% CI 1.1-1.5), individuals who received counselling on LAM (AOR = 3.0; 95% CI 2.6-3.7), and those who gave birth in hospital (AOR = 2.6; 95% CI 1.4-2.6) had higher odds of knowledge about LAM, compared to their counter parts. In contrary, participants resided far away from health facilities had 30% lower odd of knowledge about LAM compared to those resided near the health facilities (AOR = 0.70; 95% CI 0.6-0.8). The proportion of participants who had knowledge of LAM was low. Strengthening counseling about LAM during antenatal care and delivery with due attention to women with limited access to health facilities should be considered for increasing their level of knowledge on LAM.

PMID:37689818 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-42196-w

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