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Pasireotide effects on biochemical control and glycometabolic profile in acromegaly patients switched from combination therapies or unconventional dosages of somatostatin analogs

J Endocrinol Invest. 2023 Sep 11. doi: 10.1007/s40618-023-02186-1. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of pasireotide (PAS) therapy on hormonal and glycometabolic outcome in patients with acromegaly previously treated with combination medical therapies or unconventional dosages of first-generation somatostatin receptor ligands (fg-SRLs).

METHODS: Retrospective study carried out in two referral centers for pituitary diseases. Twenty-one acromegalic patients were switched to PAS (12 had biochemical control, 9 were uncontrolled). Data were collected after 3- and 6-months PAS treatment, and at the last available visit (median 35 months).

RESULTS: After switching to PAS therapy, a significant reduction in IGF-1 values was observed [median 39%; 0.79 xULN (IQR 0.5-1.01) vs 1.29 xULN (IQR 1.06-1.83); p = 0.009]. IGF-1 reduction was statistically significant in the 9 patients previously uncontrolled (61%, p = 0.016), and in the 12 controlled subjects (33%, p = 0.037). At last follow-up, the number of patients reaching an acceptable biochemical control (IGF-1 < 1.3 xULN) raised from 57 to 90% (p = 0.032). Mean HbA1c levels increased from 5.7% (5.5-5.9) to 6.0% (5.9-7) (p = 0.002), and the percentage of diabetic patients raised from 14% (3/21) to 67% (14/21) (p = 0.004). At the last evaluation HbA1c was ≥ 7.0% in 5 patients (24%). Antidiabetic drugs were initiated in 9 new patients, and in 7 out of 9 metformin alone was effective. Younger age and male sex were predictors for the maintenance of glucose homeostasis.

CONCLUSION: PAS monotherapy can be effective in acromegalic patients previously treated with combination medical therapies or unconventional dosages of fg-SRLs. Glucose imbalance can be managed in the vast majority of cases by use of lifestyle interventions and metformin.

PMID:37695461 | DOI:10.1007/s40618-023-02186-1

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