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Pertussis non-vaccination during pregnancy despite advice from prenatal care providers

J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2023 Sep 8:102215. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2023.102215. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the proportion of non-vaccination for pertussis in mothers in Canada who had been advised by their prenatal care provider to get vaccinated, and to identify socio-demographic factors and beliefs associated with non-vaccination.

METHODS: The Survey on Vaccination during Pregnancy (part of childhood National Immunization Coverage Survey) included biological mothers of children born from September 2018 to March 2019. This analysis was restricted to 2,657 mothers who had been advised by their prenatal care provider to get vaccinated against pertussis during pregnancy and knew whether or not they had been vaccinated.

RESULTS: Of those who had been advised to get vaccinated against pertussis, 21% were not. This rate varied across provinces and territories, ranging from 9% in Prince Edward Island to 32% in Newfoundland and Labrador. Factors independently associated with pertussis non-vaccination included lower household income, having had past live births, and having received prenatal care from an obstetrician-gynecologist or a midwife compared to a family doctor. The risk of pertussis non-vaccination despite prenatal care advice was higher for those who disagreed that the baby will be at greater risk of pertussis if the mother does not get vaccinated. It was also higher for those who disagreed with statements regarding perceived benefits for vaccination. Conversely, disagreement with statements on perceived barriers were negatively associated with pertussis non-vaccination.

CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the underlying factors associated with non-vaccination against pertussis despite prenatal care provider recommendation. Some inaccurate beliefs about pertussis and vaccination during pregnancy persist, leading to non-vaccination.

PMID:37690611 | DOI:10.1016/j.jogc.2023.102215

By Nevin Manimala

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