Nevin Manimala Statistics

Rapid cold hardening modifies ion regulation to delay anoxia-induced spreading depolarization in the CNS of the locust

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2023 Sep 8:111511. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2023.111511. Online ahead of print.


Insects experience different kinds of environmental stresses that can impair neural performance, leading to spreading depolarization (SD) of nerve cells and neural shutdown underlying coma. SD is associated with a sudden loss of ion, notably K+, homeostasis in the central nervous system. The sensitivity of an insect’s nervous system to stress (e.g., anoxia) can be modulated by acute pre-treatment. Rapid cold hardening (RCH) is a form of preconditioning, in which a brief exposure to low temperature can enhance the stress tolerance of insects. We used a pharmacological approach to investigate whether RCH affects anoxia-induced SD in the locust, Locusta migratoria, via one or more of the following homeostatic mechanisms: (1) Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA), (2) Na+/K+/2Cl co-transporter (NKCC), and (3) voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channels. We also assessed abundance and phosphorylation of NKCC using immunoblotting. We found that inhibition of NKA or Kv channels delayed the onset of anoxia-induced SD in both control and RCH preparations. However, NKCC inhibition preferentially abrogated the effect of RCH. Additionally, we observed a higher abundance of NKCC in RCH preps but no statistical difference in its phosphorylation level, indicating the involvement of NKCC expression or degradation as part of the RCH mechanism.

PMID:37690599 | DOI:10.1016/j.cbpa.2023.111511

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala