Nevin Manimala Statistics

The initial intracranial pressure spike phenomenon

Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2023 Sep 11. doi: 10.1007/s00701-023-05780-7. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Elective use of intraparenchymal intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is a valuable resource in the investigation of hydrocephalus and other cerebrospinal fluid disorders. Our preliminary study aims to investigate ICP changes in the immediate period following dural breach, which has not yet been reported on.

METHOD: This is a prospective cohort study of patients undergoing elective ICP monitoring, recruited between March and May 2022. ICP readings were obtained at opening and then at 5-min intervals for a 30-min duration.

RESULTS: Ten patients were recruited, mean age 45 years, with indications of a Chiari malformation (n = 5), idiopathic intracranial hypertension (n = 3) or other ICP-related pathology (n = 2). Patients received intermittent bolus sedation (80%) vs general anaesthesia (20%). Mean opening pressure was 22.9 mmHg [± 6.0], with statistically significant decreases present every 5 min, to a total reduction of 15.2 mmHg at 20 min (p = < 0.0001), whereafter the ICP plateaued with no further statistical change.

DISCUSSION: Our results highlight an intracranial opening pressure ‘spike’ phenomenon. This spike was 15.2 mmHg higher than the plateau, which is reached at 20 min after insertion. Several possible causes exist which require further research in larger cohorts, including sedation and pain response. Regardless of causation, this study provides key information on the use of ICP monitoring devices, guiding interpretation and when to obtain measurements.

PMID:37695437 | DOI:10.1007/s00701-023-05780-7

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