Biol Trace Elem Res. 2023 Sep 14. doi: 10.1007/s12011-023-03836-4. Online ahead of print.
This study evaluated the effect of selenium nanoparticles on growth performance, survival rate, chemical composition, and bioaccumulation of selenium in the muscle of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish with an average weight of 33.1 ± 1.0 g were distributed in 12 fiberglass tanks and fed for 56 days with different levels of selenium nanoparticles, 0, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg/kg of diet, considered as control, T1, T2, and T3, respectively. Body weight increase (BWI), specific growth rate (SGR), and food conversion ratio (FCR) were significantly influenced by 2 mg/kg of selenium nanoparticles compared to the other treatments, in particular control and T1 with 0.5 mg/kg selenium (P < 0.05). The survival rate was also significantly affected in T2, especially compared to the control (P < 0.05). In addition, protein, ash, and moisture percentages of muscle showed statistically different levels in fish fed a diet containing 2 mg/kg of selenium nanoparticles compared to the control treatment (P < 0.05). The results of the selenium bioaccumulation in the muscle of trial diets showed a significant difference in selenium nanoparticle bioaccumulation among treatments, with the highest revealed in the 2 mg/kg nanoparticle group (P < 0.05). Overall, selenium nanoparticles significantly improved the growth performance, survival, and chemical composition (protein in particular) of Nile tilapia, especially in the T2 and T3 treatments.