J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2023 Aug 19;86:58-64. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2023.08.011. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: To enhance the success rate of alveolar bone grafting, it is crucial to identify the factors that may influence the postoperative bone formation. This study aimed to investigate the impact of various osseous structure characteristics of alveolar clefts on the survival ratio of autogenous cancellous bone particle grafts.
METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 60 patients who underwent surgery performed by the same surgeon between 2016 and 2022. Two researchers measured and recorded the bone defect volume (DV), postoperative bone formation volume at 1 year, contact area between the graft and the bone surface within the cleft (S), cleft width (CW), osseous occlusion relationships, and presence of a cleft palate and initial bone bridge within the cleft for each patient. Pearson correlation analysis, Spearman’s correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis were performed.
RESULTS: The analysis results revealed statistical correlations between DV, CW, ratio of S to DV, cleft palate, initial bone bridge presence, and occlusion relationships with the survival rate. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that initial bone bridge and occlusion relationships affected the graft survival rate.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the presence of initial bone bridges and occlusions, we can make a rough estimate of the postoperative bone formation outcome in patients. However, the underlying mechanisms by which these two factors influence the bone formation require further investigation. In addition, preoperative orthodontic treatment to improve occlusal relationships may improve the postoperative bone formation outcomes in alveolar bone grafting.