Nevin Manimala Statistics

Perceived stress and frailty in older adults

Ann Geriatr Med Res. 2023 Sep 14. doi: 10.4235/agmr.23.0132. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Individuals with frailty are susceptible to adverse events. Although a psychological correlation with frailty has been observed, few studies have investigated the link between stress and frailty. This study examined the association between perceived stress and frailty in older adults.

METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study included participants recruited between September 2021 and January 2022. The Korean version of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 was used to measure stress levels, while the frailty status was assessed using the Korean Frailty Index. Loneliness, depression, and satisfaction were measured using the UCLA Loneliness Scale, Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, and Satisfaction with Life Scale, respectively. We used multinomial logistic regression to compare the variables between frail and robust participants.

RESULTS: Among 862 study participants (mean age, 73.62 years; 65.5% women), the mean PSS-10 score was 15.26, 10.8% were frail, 22.4% were pre-frail, and 66.8% were robust. Perceived stress was significantly associated with pre-frailty (crude odds ratio [cOR], 1.147; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.093-1.204) and frailty (cOR, 1.417; 95% CI 1.322-1.520). After adjusting for sociodemographic factors, we examined the associations between perceived stress and prefrailty (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.140, 95% CI 1.084-1.199) and frailty (aOR, 1.409; 95% CI 1.308-1.518). After adjusting for all variables, including loneliness, depression, and satisfaction, perceived stress was significantly associated with frailty (aOR, 1.172; 95% CI 1.071-1.283), however, insufficient statistical evidence was observed for pre-frailty (aOR, 1.022; 95% CI 0.961-1.086).

CONCLUSION: Higher levels of perceived stress were associated with frailty in older adults. Stress management efforts may help improve frailty in this population.

PMID:37704370 | DOI:10.4235/agmr.23.0132

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