J Anesth Analg Crit Care. 2023 Sep 15;3(1):35. doi: 10.1186/s44158-023-00114-6.
BACKGROUND: Four-hundred forty-nine patients affected by Covid-19 were hospitalized at the Rome Military Hospital between March 2020 and July 2022. Depending on the severity of the disease, they were assigned either to the Functional Health Emergency Unit – if suffering from interstitial pneumonia with a clinical manifestation of dyspnea associated with peripheral oxygen saturation < 92%, and oxygen atmospheric pressure therapy – or to the intensive care unit – if the blood gas-lytic index P/F (ratio between partial pressure of arterial O2 and inspired fraction of O2) was below 150. This prospective observation and monocentric study aim to verify the outcome (healing/death) of early use of remdesivir in pneumonia patients.
RESULTS: The results highlight the importance of the adoption of remdesivir in the initial stages of infection to prevent the systemic spread and viral multiplication and, in the subsequent phase, a cytokine storm resulting in acute respiratory failure and multiorgan failure. The use of the drug in the most advanced stages of the disease is not associated with a real impact on patient outcomes. Therefore, there is a statistically significant correspondence between the early use of remdesivir in the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 disease – in addition to guidelines therapies – and a favorable clinical outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: This work shows therapeutic efficacy in the first 5 days of intravenous administration of remdesivir, following the loading dose. It is also necessary to underline the different behaviors of the drug when administered late in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation, compared to those who only needed low-flow oxygen therapy, whose share of recovery – decidedly relevant – reaches statistical significance.