Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2023 Sep 16. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.15138. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: We compared efficacy of weight-based (0.4 IU/kg/h) versus fixed-dose (34 IU/h) oxytocin infusion during cesarean section.
METHODS: The oxytocin infusion in either group (n = 32 each) was initiated upon cord clamping. Primary outcome measure was adequacy of uterine tone at 4 min after initiating oxytocin infusion. Oxytocin associated side effects were also observed.
RESULTS: Significantly less oxytocin was used with the weight-based versus fixed-dose regimen (16.3 [11.2-22.4] IU vs 20.4 [15.8-26.9] IU; P = 0.036). Incidence of adequate uterine tone was clinically greater but not significantly different with the weight-based versus fixed-dose regimen (81.3% vs 71.9%; P = 0.376). The weight-based regimen was associated with clinically lesser, although not statistically significant need for rescue oxytocin (25% vs 46.9%; P = 0.068) and additional uterotonic (9.4% vs 15.6%; P = 0.708); as well as oxytocin associated side effects (hypotension [34.4% vs 46.9%; P = 0.309], nausea/vomiting [18.8% vs 40.6%; P = 0.055], and ST-T changes [0% vs 3.1%; P = 1.000]).
CONCLUSION: Weight-based oxytocin was not significantly different from the fixed-dose regimen in terms of uterotonic efficacy or associated side-effects, despite significantly lower doses being used. Use of weight-based oxytocin infusion (0.4 IU/kg/h) can be considered in clinical practice.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registry of India (ctri.nic.in, number. CTRI/2021/01/030642).