Nevin Manimala Statistics

Reinke’s Edema: New Insights into Voice Analysis, a Retrospective Study

J Voice. 2023 Sep 14:S0892-1997(23)00249-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2023.08.008. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Reinke’s edema (RE) is a pathological condition involving increased volume of the vocal folds and resulting in significant impact on speech, fundamental frequency, and vocal range. Literature reports few studies which analyze vocal features according to the severity of RE. The aims of this study were to investigate the aerodynamics, acoustic characteristics, and sound spectrograms of a group of RE patients and to assess whether there was any correlation with their endoscopic grading.

METHODS: A total of 98 patients were included in the study, 49 patients with RE and 49 healthy volunteers (HV). Multidimensional Voice Program was used to perform objective voice assessment. Maximum phonation time (MPT) and Voice Handicap Index (VHI) questionnaire were collected. The spectrograms of the vowel /a/ and of the word /aiuole/, which contains the five Italian vowels, of each patient were analyzed according to the classification of Yanaghiara modified by Ricci Maccarini and De Colle. Laryngological assessment was used to record vocal folds morphology according to Yonekawa’s classification. Univariate analysis was used to compare group outcomes. Bivariate analysis was used to compare endoscopic grading and voice analysis results.

RESULTS: Univariate analysis of the HV and RE groups revealed statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) for the following parameters: jitter%, shimmer%, harmonic-to-noise ratio (NHR), voice turbulence index (VTI), MPT, VHI except for soft phonation index. Spearman’s rank correlation showed a positive correlation between vocal parameters such as jitter%, shimmer%, NHR, VTI, and RE gradings. A negative correlation was found between MPT and RE gradings. Bivariate analysis indicated a strong positive correlation between RE grading and the spectrogram classification performed both with the vowel / a / (Rho 0.86; P = 0.0001) and with the word / aiuole / (Rho 0.81; P = 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that patients with RE have different voice characteristics compared to HV. In particular, the voice analysis highlighted acoustic parameters that correlated to differing degrees of RE. In addition, spectrogram analysis should be considered for acoustic assessments before and after medical and surgical therapy and also in forensic medicine.

PMID:37716890 | DOI:10.1016/j.jvoice.2023.08.008

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