Mol Biol Rep. 2023 Sep 16. doi: 10.1007/s11033-023-08777-8. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: A significant body of research strengthens the starring role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Here, we investigated the diagnostic utility of lncRNA H19 and miRNA-675-5p in IBD.
METHODS: This study included 97 participants, thirty-five ulcerative colitis patients, thirty-two Crohn’s disease patients, and thirty IBD-free controls. History, staging, laboratory investigations, and colonoscopy were performed. Also, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) for revealing of lncRNA H19 and miRNA-675-5p was done.
RESULTS: The estimated serum levels for H19 and miRNA-675-5p in the UC and CD groups in comparison to the control group showed a high statistical difference (P = 0.0001 for each parameter). Based upon the severity of UC patients, both biomarkers showed significantly higher values between remission and moderate cases, with p-values 0.022 and 0.02, respectively. Meanwhile, in CD patients, both biomarkers revealed no statistical significance between remission and any active stage of the disease. Additionally, ROC analysis revealed that H19 could discriminate between UC and control subjects with 94.3% sensitivity and 90.0% specificity, and with 87.5% sensitivity, and 88.5% specificity in the CD group. Furthermore, miR-675-5p was able to discriminate between UC and control subjects with 85.7% sensitivity and 97.3% specificity and with 88.4% sensitivity, 95.2% specificity in the CD group. Logistic regression found a significant predictive utility of using miR-675-5p and H19 in IBD.
CONCLUSION: H19 and miRNA-675-5p can be used as diagnostic biomarkers in IBD, with superiority in UC patients with moderate activity.