Nevin Manimala Statistics

Retinal functional and structural changes in patients with Parkinson’s disease

BMC Neurol. 2023 Sep 18;23(1):330. doi: 10.1186/s12883-023-03373-6.


BACKGROUND: Visual dysfunction have been well reported as one of the non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and structural changes in the retina in patients with PD, and to correlate these changes with disease duration and motor dysfunction.

METHODS: For this case-control study, we recruited patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for idiopathic PD according to British Brain Bank criteria, aged between 50 and 80 years. Age- and sex-matched healthy controls aged between 50 and 80 years were also recruited. Motor function for PD patients was assessed using Modified Hoehn and Yahr staging scale (H & Y staging) and Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and full field electroretinogram (ff-ERG) were done to all participants.

RESULTS: Data from 50 patients and 50 healthy controls were included in the analysis. Patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s had significantly reduced peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness compared to healthy controls (P-value < 0.05 in all parameters). They also had significantly delayed latency and reduced amplitude in both dark-adapted rods and the light-adapted cone for both a & b waves compared to healthy controls (P-value < 0.001 in all parameters). There were statistically significant negative correlations between disease duration, and left superior, right inferior and right & left average RNFL thickness [(r) coef. = -0.327, -0.301, -0.275, and -0.285 respectively]. UPDRS total score was negatively correlated with the amplitude of light-adapted of both RT and LT a & b wave and with dark-adapted RT b-wave latency [(r) coef. = -0.311, -0.395, -0.362, -0.419, and -0.342].

CONCLUSION: The retinal structure and function were significantly affected in patients with PD in comparison to healthy controls. There was a significant impact of disease duration on retinal thickness, and there was a significant negative correlation between the degree of motor dysfunction in patients with PD and retinal function.

PMID:37723424 | DOI:10.1186/s12883-023-03373-6

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