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Levels of Urinary Mercapturic Acids of Acrolein, Methacrolein, Crotonaldehyde, and Methyl Vinyl Ketone in Relationship to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Cigarette Smokers of the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS)

Chem Res Toxicol. 2023 Sep 19. doi: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.3c00197. Online ahead of print.


Cigarette smoking is an established cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Numerous studies implicate acrolein, which occurs in relatively high concentrations in cigarette smoke and reacts readily with proteins, as one causative factor for COPD in smokers. Far less is known about the possible roles in COPD of the related α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds of cigarette smoke crotonaldehyde, methacrolein, and methyl vinyl ketone. In the study reported here, we analyzed mercapturic acids of these α,β-unsaturated compounds in the urine of 413 confirmed cigarette smokers in the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS)─202 with COPD and 211 without COPD. The mercapturic acids analyzed were 3-hydroxypropyl mercapturic acid (3-HPMA) from acrolein, 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropyl mercapturic acid (HMPMA-1) from crotonaldehyde, 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl mercapturic acid (HMPMA-2) from methacrolein, and 3-hydroxy-3-methylpropyl mercapturic acid (HMPMA-3) from methyl vinyl ketone. In models adjusting for age, sex, race, pack years of tobacco use, and BMI, all four mercapturic acids were increased in individuals with COPD but not significantly. Stratified by the GOLD status, there were increased levels of the metabolites associated with GOLD 3-4 compared to that with GOLD 0, with the methacrolein metabolite HMPMA-2 reaching statistical significance (adjusted odds ratio 1.23 [95% CI: 1.00-1.53]). These results highlight the possible role of methacrolein, which has previously received little attention in this regard, as a causative factor in COPD in cigarette smokers.

PMID:37725788 | DOI:10.1021/acs.chemrestox.3c00197

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