Int J Prosthodont. 2023 Oct 12;0(0). doi: 10.11607/ijp.8516. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: A Comparison of Occlusal Schemes with Condylar Inclination and Anterior Guidance in Dentate Individuals Methods. Twenty-six dentate patients between the ages of 18 to 30 of Indian Origin with canine-guided occlusion and 26 patients with group function occlusion were included in the study. The School of Articulator Munich (SAM) Axioquick system was used to assess the condylar guidance and eccentric tracings of the patients. For analyses, Student’s t-test was used. For quantitative data, the mean and standard deviation were calculated. For all the statistical analysis the probability of type-I error of 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
RESULTS: The mean condylar guidance for canine guided and group function occlusion on the right side was 38.4 ±12.7 and 30.5 ±12.5 and on the left side was 36.5 ±13.0 and 27.5±12.0 degrees with statistically significant difference [P value: 0.01]. The condylar guidance, incisal guidance, Bennett angle, protrusion, left lateral, right lateral, and left and right lateral angles were analyzed statistically between the two types of occlusions. The results showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups for all parameters except right condylar guidance. Furthermore, all the parameters were higher in canine guided occlusion group over group function occlusion.
CONCLUSIONS: Within the study limitations, it was concluded that the condylar guidance was steeper in canine guided occlusion than in group function occlusion. The eccentric parameters were steeper in canine guided occlusion than in group function occlusion.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study showcases that the condylar guidance might not play a major role in determining the occlusal scheme but, the incisal guidance determines the occlusal scheme predominantly in class 1 occlusion patients.