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Effect of presbyopic correction lens on humphrey visual field testing in patients with multifocal intraocular lens

Medicine (Baltimore). 2023 Oct 13;102(41):e35544. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000035544.


Most previous studies on the effects of multifocal intraocular lenses (MIOL) on Humphrey visual field (HVF) used presbyopic corrective lens (PC). There has been insufficient data from patients with MIOL performing HVF with and without PC. This study aimed to determine the effect of PC on HVF testing in patients with MIOL. This was a prospective, comparative crossover study at the Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University between June 2015 and July 2018. Early-stage glaucomatous and non-glaucomatous pseudophakic patients with 2 models of MIOL completed HVF testing with and without PC. Mean deviation (MD), pattern standard deviation (PSD), and reliability indices (fixation losses, false positives, and false negatives) were compared. Ninety-four eyes of 59 patients were enrolled. After excluding patients with confirmed unreliable visual field, 82 eyes of 51 patients (male, 22; female, 29) with a mean age of 65.4 years were included in the study. Forty-nine eyes were non-glaucoma and 33 eyes were early-stage glaucoma. Forty-four eyes received TECNIS ZM900 and 38 eyes received Acrysof IQ ReSTOR SN6AD1. The overall MD standard deviation was -3.5 (2.1) with PC and -3.1 (2.1) without PC (P = .01). The overall PSD standard deviation was 2.8 (1.5) with PC and 2.7 (1.5) without PC (P = .93). The reliability indices were not statistically significantly different with and without PC. There was a good intraclass correlation (ICC) of MD (ICC = 0.87) and PSD (ICC = 0.88) with and without PC. Eyes with TECNIS ZM 900 had significantly better MD when performing HVF without PC (mean difference -0.7, P < .01), but not with Acrysof IQ ReSTOR SN6AD1 (mean difference -0.1, P = .74). Pseudophakic eyes with MIOL may not require PC during HVF testing regardless of the MIOL model. Although eyes with TECNIS ZM900 performed HVF without PC resulted in a significantly better MD value compared with PC, the difference was not clinically significant.

PMID:37832110 | DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000035544

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