Urologie. 2023 Oct 17. doi: 10.1007/s00120-023-02212-3. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: In advanced prostate cancer, disease progression during ongoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is referred to as castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Various therapeutic modalities are available for its treatment, including endocrine therapy, chemotherapy, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase [PARP] inhibition, radionuclide therapy, and radioligand therapy.
OBJECTIVES: This review outlines practical aspects and considerations regarding treatment sequencing in mCRPC.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The findings are based on existing prospective phase 3 studies that have demonstrated clinically relevant and statistically significant benefits in radiographically progression-free and/or overall survival.
RESULTS: Sequential therapy, aside from numerous patient-specific factors, depends on the treatment patients received in the hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) setting. Following pretreatment with ADT alone or ADT plus docetaxel in the mHSPC context, additional endocrine therapy is the standard approach. In the event of progression under combined endocrine therapy initiated in the mHSPC setting, docetaxel currently serves as the standard for the majority of patients. Patients who received triplet therapy as a pretreatment in the mHSPC scenario can be treated with radioligand therapy or second-line chemotherapy.
CONCLUSION: Various active and well-tolerated treatment options are available for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The choice of therapy is primarily determined by previous treatments, but many other individual factors are also taken into consideration.