Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2023 Oct 17;38(5):943-953. doi: 10.11607/jomi.10276.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the bone level changes in a new implant design (fully tapered with platform switching) with the one-abutment one-time protocol after 1 year of loading.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients received 1 or 2 implants (6-, 8-, or 10-mm length and 3.5-, 3.75-, or 4.5-mm diameter, bone-level design) to replace one or multiple edentulous sites. Only the mesial implant was assessed. Radiographic, clinical, and esthetic results and the survival and success rates were evaluated 1 year after final loading.
RESULTS: At 1 year, no peri-implant bone loss was seen in any of the cases. Mean marginal crestal bone loss between surgery and crown placement was 0.19 ± 0.17 mm (P < .0001). Between surgery and the 1-year follow-up, the mean marginal crestal bone loss was 0.25 ± 0.24 mm (P < .0001). The difference in the modified Plaque Index between 1 year of follow-up and crown placement was significant for in the mesial (0.33 ± 0.54 mm; P = .003) and distal surfaces (0.5 ± 0.73 mm; P = .001). The probing pocket depth was statistically significantly deeper at 1 year than at crown placement at the mesial and distal aspects (average depth = 0.75 mm; P < .0005). No statistically significant differences were found for any other clinical or esthetic parameters. The overall survival and success rates after 1 year were 100%.
CONCLUSIONS: The fully tapered, deep-thread, platform-switched implant design placed with the one-abutment one-time protocol demonstrated minimal marginal crestal bone loss and crestal bone stability at 1 year of follow-up.