Int J Prosthodont. 2023 Oct 17;0(0):0. doi: 10.11607/ijp.8405. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the effect of different finishing protocols on the wear behavior of a lithium disilicate glass-ceramic.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens were produced from lithium disilicate glass-ceramic prefabricated CAD/CAM blocks and divided into three groups, according to the surface treatment (n = 8): control; polishing; glaze. Ceramic specimens were subjected to wear test using a dual-axis chewing simulator. A 49 N load was applied in the axial direction combined with a lateral movement (1 mm path) using a lithium disilicate glass-ceramic spherical piston for a total of 106 cycles. Qualitative analysis of the wear surface was performed using an optical microscope. Quantitative analysis of surface roughness and volume loss was performed using a confocal microscope and a 3D-image editing software, respectively. Surface roughness and volume loss data were analyzed using Friedman’s non-parametric statistical test for repeated measures and the Student-Newman-Keuls test (α = 0.050).
RESULTS: There were statistical differences for surface roughness and volume loss of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic specimens in the different experimental conditions (P˂0.001). Control and polishing groups showed similar surface roughness and volume loss values for all testing times. Glaze group had greater wear volume after 103, 104 and 105 cycles. After 106 cycles, surface roughness and volume loss were similar among groups. For the piston, surface roughness was similar over time and among groups.
CONCLUSIONS: A distinct wear behavior was found for glazed glass-ceramic specimens in comparison to control and polished specimens. The end of the simulation, the surface roughness and volume loss was similar for the groups.