Nevin Manimala Statistics

A new position utilizing the effect of gravity in proximal ureteral stones, ureteroscopic lithotripsy in the reverse Trendelenburg position: a prospective, randomized, comparative study

World J Urol. 2023 Oct 19. doi: 10.1007/s00345-023-04654-y. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the reverse Trendelenburg position in patients undergoing ureteroscopic lithotripsy for proximal ureteral stones.

METHODS: The study included 167 patients who underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy for proximal ureter stones between December 2020 and September 2022. The patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups: standard lithotomy (n:55), 10° reverse Trendelenburg (n:55), and 20° reverse Trendelenburg (n:57). Preoperative information, including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), previous shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), stone side, volume, and density, distance to the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) of the stone, and hydronephrosis degree. Stone-free status was evaluated with computed tomography (CT) at 4 weeks postoperatively. The groups were compared in respect of stone migration, stone-free rate, use of flexible ureterorenoscope, operating time, postoperative length of stay in the hospital, and complications.

RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was determined between the groups with respect to age, sex, BMI, previous SWL, stone side, volume and density, distance to the UPJ of the stone, and hydronephrosis degree (p > 0.05 for all). Statistically significant differences were determined between the groups with respect to stone migration (p = 0.001), stone-free rate (p < 0.001), use of flexible ureterorenoscope (p = 0.01), operating time (p < 0.001), hospital length of stay (p < 0.001), postoperative fever (p = 0.002), and total complications (p = 0.01).

CONCLUSION: A new patient position is presented in this study, which can be used in ureteroscopic lithotripsy performed for proximal ureteral stones. The reverse Trendelenburg position constitutes a surgical method that can be used safely and successfully in the treatment of proximal ureteral stones.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04894058, 05/21/2021, Prospectively registered.

PMID:37855898 | DOI:10.1007/s00345-023-04654-y

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala