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Association between spinopelvic alignment and the development of degenerative spondylolisthesis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2023 Oct 19. doi: 10.1007/s00590-023-03754-0. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Spinopelvic parameter may result in the development of degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, previous studies show conflicting results; some found a significant relationship of some of these parameters with degenerative spondylolisthesis, while others did not. Previously, there was no meta-analysis regarding the association between spinopelvic alignment and degenerative spondylolisthesis. This meta-analysis aims to determine the association between spinopelvic alignment and degenerative spondylolisthesis.

METHODS: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are based on the selected item reporting method for systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA). A literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, and Google Scholar. Methodological quality is based on the cross-sectional checklist of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) quality check methodology and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) for cohort studies. Statistical analysis was performed using Rev-Man 5.3. Subgroup analyses were performed based on ethnicity and study design to ascertain racial relations and heterogeneity.

RESULTS: A total of 3236 articles were obtained. Of these, we found that pelvic incidence (mean difference [MD] = 11.94 [1.81-22.08], P = 0.02), pelvic tilt (MD = 4.47 [0.81-8.14]), P = 0.02), and age (MD = 11.94 [1.81-22.08], P = 0.02) were associated with the development of degenerative spondylolisthesis.

CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis proves that pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, and age are associated with degenerative spondylolisthesis.

PMID:37855936 | DOI:10.1007/s00590-023-03754-0

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