Nevin Manimala Statistics

Histological and clinical evaluation of discarded kidneys in a European cohort of deceased brain death donor kidneys of marginal quality

J Nephrol. 2023 Oct 19. doi: 10.1007/s40620-023-01785-8. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Despite organ shortages, the discard rate of deceased donor kidneys is high. Risk factors for this trend warrant further study.

METHODS: We investigated reasons for discard in a cohort of brain death donors with marginal kidneys and procurement biopsies. Paraffin embedded procurement biopsies were systematically reevaluated and graded for the purpose of the study. Assessment included percentage of global glomerulosclerosis, Banff Lesion scores and tubular epithelial damage. Donor-, transplant process-, perfusion quality-, histopathology-, and recipient-related parameters were compared between discarded and transplanted organs.

RESULTS: Although most clinical characteristics were similar between donors whose kidneys were transplanted and those whose kidneys were procured but discarded, discarded kidneys were more likely to be from donors with hepatitis C, to have undergone wedge biopsies, to show changes of acute and chronic injury and to be deemed poor quality. Except for obvious anatomic abnormalities, kidneys were often discarded due to the findings of procurement biopsies. Donors of kidneys discarded for histologic reasons more often had hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, and increased serum creatinine. The reason for discard was unknown in 20% of cases. Discarded kidneys came from donors who appeared to be clinically similar to donors whose kidneys were utilized for transplant.

CONCLUSION: A considerable proportion of discarded kidneys were of acceptable quality. The analysis of the outcome of every recovered organ could help to overcome this problem. Procurement biopsies more often lead to discard than to transplantation of recovered organs. Proper handling during allocation has to be determined.

PMID:37856068 | DOI:10.1007/s40620-023-01785-8

By Nevin Manimala

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