Adv Clin Chem. 2023;116:277-317. doi: 10.1016/bs.acc.2023.06.001. Epub 2023 Sep 27.
Over time, the metrological concept of uncertainty in measurement has been very successfully integrated into laboratory sciences. For proper implementation, an understanding of specific metrology terminology and additional concepts such as metrology traceability and commutability is necessary. Although the original thinking about measurement uncertainty in laboratory medicine suggests the complexity of the concept, it basically refers to the result as the end product of the entire laboratory process. Although the data on measurement uncertainty can be expressed quantitatively, the basis of this concept is the continuous evaluation of all phases of the laboratory process. This means that laboratory experts should keep in mind that the extra-analytical phases (on which the uncertainty of the measurement results may depend the most) must be continuously monitored. The analytical phase can be “held in check” by established internal and external quality control processes. It is the internal/external quality control data that is used to calculate the numerical value of the measurement uncertainty of the measurement results. Although over time the awareness of laboratory experts regarding the concept of measurement uncertainty has increased, there are still many challenges that need to be followed, and the last one is how to achieve a balance between understanding, evaluation process and application of measurement uncertainty data of measurement results for complete and ultimate practical use.