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Overcoming barriers to lung cancer screening using a systemwide approach with additional focus on the non-screened

J Med Screen. 2023 Oct 19:9691413231208160. doi: 10.1177/09691413231208160. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The lung cancer screening program at St Elizabeth Healthcare (Kentucky, USA) began in 2013. Over 33,000 low-dose computed tomography lung cancer screens have been performed. From 2015 through 2021, 2595 lung cancers were diagnosed systemwide. A Screening Program with Impactful Results from Early Detection, reviews that experience; 342 (13.2%) were diagnosed by screening and 2253 (86.8%) were non-screened. As a secondary objective, the non-screened cohort was queried to determine how many additional individuals could have been screened, identifying barriers and failures to meet eligibility.

METHODS: Our QlikSense database extracted the lung cancer patients from the Cancer Patient Data and Management System, and identified and categorized them separately as screened or non-screened populations. Stage distribution was compared in screened and non-screened groups. Those meeting age criteria, with any smoking history, were further queried for screening eligibility, accessing the electronic medical record smoking history and audit trail, and determining if enough information was available to substantiate screening eligibility. The same methodology was applied to CMS 2015 and USPSTF 2021 criteria.

RESULTS: The screened and non-screened patients were accounted for in a stage migration chart demonstrating clear shift to early stage among screened lung cancer patients. Additionally, analysis of non-screened individuals is presented.

CONCLUSION: Of the St Elizabeth Healthcare eligible patients attributed to primary care providers, 49.6% were screened in 2021. Despite this level of success, this study highlighted a sizeable pool of additional individuals that could have been screened. We are shifting focus to the non-screened pool of patients that meet eligibility, further enhancing the impact on our community.

PMID:37855047 | DOI:10.1177/09691413231208160

By Nevin Manimala

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