Altern Ther Health Med. 2023 Oct 20:AT9236. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the current status of early enteral nutrition (EN) support among patients diagnosed with acute pancreatitis (AP) and analyze the factors influencing its duration. The findings aimed to provide guidance for the development of tailored EN support protocols for pancreatitis patients.
METHODS: A convenience sampling method was employed, and 51 patients diagnosed with acute pancreatitis (AP) were enrolled from the Gastroenterology Department of Zhoushan Hospital between May 2020 and June 2021. Data analysis included the categorization of patients based on their early enteral nutrition (EN) support duration, followed by thorough statistical analysis, including logistic regression, to identify the factors impacting EN duration.
RESULTS: The mean duration of early EN support among AP patients was (93.57 ± 43.29) hours. A mere 13.73% of patients initiated EN within 48 hours of admission. Upon categorizing patients by the median duration of EN support, multiple logistic regression analysis revealed several significant risk factors influencing the duration of EN in AP patients, including patient age, underlying medical conditions, severity of pancreatitis, nutritional status, and blood lipase levels (P < .05).
CONCLUSION: The study highlights the significant influence of disease severity and patients’ functional status on the duration of early EN support in AP cases. It emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive patient assessment by medical professionals to determine the optimal timing for initiating EN support.