Nevin Manimala Statistics

Statistical characteristics of under-ice noise on the Arctic Chukchi Plateau

J Acoust Soc Am. 2023 Oct 1;154(4):2489-2498. doi: 10.1121/10.0021871.


In the context of global warming leading to rapidly changing Arctic sea ice and the environment, it is necessary to understand the statistical characteristics of noise under existing Arctic ocean environmental conditions. The data recorded from August 1, 2018 to November 2, 2019, on the Arctic Chukchi Plateau, have been studied to analyze the relationship between the ice transient events and the non-Gaussian statistics of under-ice noise. The ice-generated transient noise largely contributes to the under-ice noise environment, and the total under-ice noise exhibits non-Gaussian statistics due to the occurrence of these ice transients. The number of ice transients has a strong negative correlation with the characteristic index α, meaning that the higher the occurrence of transient events, the stronger the non-Gaussian statistics of under-ice noise. Stronger non-Gaussian noise with full ice coverage is observed compared to partial ice coverage. The under-ice noise in 0.5-1 kHz exhibits the strongest non-Gaussian statistics, followed by 1-4 kHz, while it is weakest in 20-500 Hz. The statistics of ice transients and under-ice noise have been provided in this paper, which can be used in sonar detection algorithms and have important significance for the performance prediction and optimization of sonar processors.

PMID:37862571 | DOI:10.1121/10.0021871

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala