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Tissue responses to everolimus-eluting stents implanted in severely calcified lesions following atherectomy

Cardiovasc Interv Ther. 2023 Oct 20. doi: 10.1007/s12928-023-00965-4. Online ahead of print.


Histopathological examination has revealed that stents on severely calcified plaques were associated with delayed vascular healing. Although atherectomy devices can increase the number of malapposed struts, tissue responses to implanted drug eluting stents in atherectomy patients remain largely unknown. This retrospective observational study included 30 patients who underwent atherectomy and everolimus-eluting stent (EES) deployment for severely calcified coronary lesions (biodegradable polymer EES (BP-EES), n = 15; durable polymer EES (DP-EES), n = 15). Optical coherence tomography was carried out at baseline and follow-up, and struts with acute stent malapposition (ASM) were categorized as struts on modified calcium (mod-Ca), non-modified calcium (non-mod-Ca), or non-calcium (non-Ca). Adequate vascular healing, defined as ASM resolution with neointimal coverage, was compared between the BP-EES and DP-EES groups. Multivariate linear regression analysis using a generalized estimated equation revealed that BP-EES use was associated with significantly better adequate vascular healing compared with DP-EES (odds ratio [OR]: 3.691, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.175-11.592, P = 0.025). adequate vascular healing was associated with the underlying plaque morphology (mod-Ca vs non-mod-Ca: OR 2.833, 95% CI 1.491-5.384, P = 0.001; non-Ca vs non-mod-Ca: OR 1.248, 95% CI 0.440-3.543, P = 0.677). This study demonstrates that drug-eluting stent selection and calcium modification are possible factors affecting vascular healing of malapposed struts in severely calcified lesions.

PMID:37864118 | DOI:10.1007/s12928-023-00965-4

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