Lipids Health Dis. 2023 Oct 21;22(1):180. doi: 10.1186/s12944-023-01946-5.
BACKGROUND: The impact of total cholesterol (TC) on lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) is a topic of interest. However, empirical evidence on this association from demographic surveys conducted in China is lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the relationship between serum TC and lumbar BMD in a sample of 20,544 Chinese adults between the ages of 20 and 80 years over a period of 5 years, from February 2018 to February 2023. Thus, we investigated the effect of serum TC level on lumbar BMD and its relationship with bone reduction in a Chinese adult population.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data obtained from the Department of Health Management at Henan Provincial People’s Hospital between February 2018 and February 2023. The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between serum TC and lumbar BMD in individuals of different sexes. The research methodology encompassed population description, analysis of stratification, single-factor and multiple-equation regression analyses, smooth curve fitting, and analysis of threshold and saturation effects. The R and EmpowerStats software packages were used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: After adjusting for confounding variables, a multiple linear regression model revealed a significant correlation between TC and lumbar BMD in men. In subgroup analysis, serum TC was found to have a positive association with lumbar BMD in men, specifically those aged 45 years or older, with a body mass index (BMI) ranging from 24 to 28 kg/m2. A U-shaped correlation arose between serum TC and lumbar BMD was detected in women of different ages and BMI, the inflection point was 4.27 mmol/L for women aged ≥ 45 years and 4.35 mmol/L for women with a BMI of ≥ 28 kg/m2.
CONCLUSION: In this study, Chinese adults aged 20-80 years displayed different effects of serum TC on lumbar BMD in sex-specific populations. Therefore, monitoring BMI and serum TC levels in women of different ages could prevent osteoporosis and osteopenia.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: The research protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki guidelines (No. 2015-12-02). These data are part of the China Health Quantitative CT Big Data Research team, which has been registered at clinicaltrials.gov (code: NCT03699228).