Int Orthop. 2023 Oct 21. doi: 10.1007/s00264-023-06009-z. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Full-thickness retracted massive supraspinatus tears are a challenge for arthroscopic surgeons where multiple options for treatment exist, but medializing the attachment is a relatively easy procedure for which a decision can be taken intraoperatively. We investigate the viability of MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten freshly thawed cadavers were taken and dissected. The supraspinatus tendon was resected, and then its attachment was progressively medialized. The range of motion (abduction, internal and external rotation) was recorded and compared. As a result, we noted a statistically significant decrease in abduction, internal and external rotation with progressive medialization of the supraspinatus insertion.
CONCLUSION: Medialized repair of the supraspinatus can be performed only to an extent beyond which it compromises glenohumeral motion. We noted a statistically significant decrease in ROM with even a 3 mm medialization of the tendon, but the acceptable medialization has to be determined on a case-to-case basis.