Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2023 Oct;27(5 Suppl):6-10. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202310_34063.
OBJECTIVE: Since mastoid bone aeration is a pressure buffer for the middle ear, it can be accepted as a prognostic factor for tympanoplasty. Temporal bone computed tomography (TBCT) is a primary method for estimating mastoid aeration. However, due to the risk of radiation and its high cost, there is a need for a more straightforward, faster, and more reliable method in non-complicated chronic otitis media cases (COM). Tympanometric volume measurement might be used for this purpose. This study investigated tympanometric volume measurement’s reliability in showing mastoid bone aeration by comparing tympanometric volume measurement with TBCT aeration grading.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Preoperative tympanometric volume measurements were performed in patients who underwent audiological examination and temporal computerized tomography (CT) with the diagnosis of COM and sequela of COM without discharge for the last three months and were indicated for surgery. CT was classified into six grades: grade 0: there is no aeration, sclerotic mastoid; grade 1: pneumatization only in the mastoid antrum; grade 2: <25% pneumatization; grade 3: 25-50% pneumatization; grade 4: >50 pneumatization, grade 5: full pneumatization. Averages of tympanometric volume values were determined according to CT degrees.
RESULTS: 48 left and 52 right ears (n: 100) of 81 patients, 24 females and 57 males, were included in the study. The mean age was 37.69±13.38. Mastoid pneumatization grades of patients were 32 grade 0, 23 grade 1, 16 grade 2, 14 grade 3, 11 grade 4, and 4 grade 5, respectively. Each grade’s mean tympanometric volume (mL) was grade 0: 1.1594, grade 1: 1.6991, grade 2: 2.2250, grade 3: 3.0471, grade 4: 4.0327, and grade 5: 2.9775.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a statistically significant relationship between tympanometrically measured ear volume and mastoid degrees of pneumatization on temporal bone tomography. As the degree of mastoid aeration increases, the tympanometric volume also increases. According to the results of this study, tympanometric air volume can be used reliably in the preoperative evaluation of mastoid bone aeration in cases of simple COM without ear drainage.