BMC Oral Health. 2023 Oct 23;23(1):777. doi: 10.1186/s12903-023-03542-6.
BACKGROUND: Conventional glass ionomer cements (GICs) are currently the most widely used dental cements due to their chemical bonding into tooth structure, release of fluoride, and ease of manipulation and usage. One of their drawbacks is their low mechanical properties and high solubility. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could be utilized in dentistry due to their several potential applications. CNTs can be used as fillers to reinforce polymers or other materials. Additionally, silver (Ag) nanoparticles are highly effective at preventing dental biofilm and enhancing mechanical properties.
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present in vitro study is to evaluate the compressive strength, surface microhardness, solubility, and antimicrobial effect of the conventional GIC reinforced with manual blending of 0.01 wt.% Ag doped CNT fillers.
METHODS: The control group was prepared by mixing dental GIC powder with their liquid. The innovatively reinforced dental GIC group was prepared by incorporating 0.01 wt.% Ag doped CNT fillers into the GIC powder prior to liquid mixing. Chemical characterization was performed by XRF. While, physical characterization was done by measuring film thickness and initial setting time. The compressive strength, surface microhardness, solubility, and antimicrobial effect against Streptococcus mutans bacteria using an agar diffusion test were measured. The data was statistically analyzed using independent sample t-tests to compare mean values of compressive strength, surface microhardness, solubility, and antimicrobial activity (p ≤ 0.05).
RESULTS: The results revealed that innovative reinforced GIC with 0.01 wt.% Ag doped CNT fillers showed higher mean compressive strength, surface microhardness, and antimicrobial effect values than the conventional GIC control group; there was no significant difference between different groups in relation to the solubility test (P ≤ 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The innovatively reinforced GIC with 0.01 wt.% Ag doped CNT fillers had the opportunity to be used as an alternative to conventional GIC dental cements.