Nano Lett. 2023 Oct 23. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.3c02770. Online ahead of print.
Efficient Auger recombination (AR) presents a significant challenge for the advancement of colloidal quantum dot (QD)-based devices involving multiexcitons. Here, the AR dynamics of near-infrared Ag2Se QDs were studied through transient absorption experiments. As the QD radius increases from 0.9 to 2.5 nm, the biexciton lifetime (τ2) of Ag2Se QDs increases from 35 to 736 ps, which is approximately 10 times longer than that of comparable-sized CdSe and PbSe QDs. A qualitative analysis based on observables indicates that the slow Auger rate is primarily attributed to the low density of the final states. The biexciton lifetime and triexciton lifetime (τ3) of Ag2Se QDs follow R3 and R2.6 dependence, respectively. Moreover, the ratio of τ2/τ3 is ∼2.3-3.2, which is markedly lower than the value expected from statistical scaling (4.5). These findings suggest that environmentally friendly Ag2Se QDs can serve as excellent candidates for low-threshold lasers and third-generation photovoltaics utilizing carrier multiplication.