Drug Metab Dispos. 2023 Oct 26:DMD-AR-2023-001500. doi: 10.1124/dmd.123.001500. Online ahead of print.
Cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A member 2 (CYP1A2), performs an indispensable role in metabolism of both exogenous and endogenous substances. What is more, CYP1A2 functions in human diseases by regulating homeostasis of cholesterol. Despite the emergence of gene-editing animal models, genetically humanized animals that overcome species differences for further exploring the role of CYP1A2 in drug metabolism and human diseases have not yet been constructed. In this study, we inserted human CYP1A2 cDNA into the rat Cyp1a2 gene by using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Results showed that human CYP1A2 was successfully expressed in humanized rat liver and there were no statistically significant differences of physiological symptoms compared with wild-type (WT) rats. In vitro incubation results indicated the different inhibition of furafylline on CYP1A2 activity in human liver microsomes, humanized CYP1A2 (hCYP1A2) rat liver microsomes, and WT rat liver microsomes, with IC50 values of 7.1 μM, 36.5 μM, and 285.8 μM, respectively. Meanwhile, pharmacokinetic characteristics of clozapine were conducted, and the results suggested that in hCYP1A2 rats, clozapine tended to be metabolized into norclozapine. Both the in vitro and in vivo results demonstrated the different metabolic functions of CYP1A2 in humanized and WT rats. We successfully constructed a novel humanized CYP1A2 rat model using the CRISPR/Cas9 system, providing a powerful tool for better predicting CYP1A2-mediated drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics. Significance Statement Human CYP1A2 takes active part both in the biotransformation of exogenous substances and endogenous substances. Meanwhile, it plays a regulatory role in human diseases, including hypercholesterolemia, hypertension as well as various malignant tumors. This study successfully constructed humanized CYP1A2 rat model by CRISPR/Cas9 technology, providing a powerful model for promoting drug development and safety evaluation, as well as further exploring the role of CYP1A2 in human diseases.