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Effect of hypoglycemia on cognitive performance in older patients with diabetes: A meta-analysis

Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2023 Oct 24:S0003-4266(23)00714-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ando.2023.10.006. Online ahead of print.


Goals: The goal of this study was to use meta-analysis to compile information from various studies to investigate the existence and severity of cognitive impairment in elderly diabetes patients who have hypoglycemic episodes. Materials and techniques: For research studies on the relationship between hypoglycemia and cognitive decline or dementia in persons older than 45 years, we searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang, CBM and VIP databases for the period 1989 to 2022. We conducted random effects inverse variance on the meta-analysis and used the I2 statistic to assess heterogeneity. Result: We selected 44 of the 518 studies we retrieved, 7 being appropriate for meta-analysis. 6,045 individuals were involved in total. Both types of older diabetic patients with hypoglycemia performed considerably worse on tests of general intelligence than control participants (standardized mean difference, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.88-0.28). Also, elderly type-2 diabetes patients with hypoglycemic episodes had significantly worse memory performance (standardized mean difference, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.29-0.09). Additionally, we found that older type-2 diabetes patients with hypoglycemia had significantly poorer psychomotor function than those without hypoglycemia (standardized mean difference, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.38-0.63).

PMID:37884125 | DOI:10.1016/j.ando.2023.10.006

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