Nevin Manimala Statistics

Predictors of treatment intensification in uncontrolled hypertension

J Hypertens. 2023 Oct 20. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000003598. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Prior studies have shown that treatment intensification for patients presenting with uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) rarely occurs, even during visits to the patient’s own primary care physicians (PCPs). In this article, we identified predictors of treatment intensification for uncontrolled HTN.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using nationally representative survey data on visits by patients aged 18 or above with uncontrolled HTN, defined as a recorded SBP at least 140 and/or a DBP at least 90 using data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) 2008-2018. Our outcome is treatment intensification defined as the addition of a new blood pressure medication.

RESULTS: We analyzed 22 559 visits to PCPs where uncontrolled HTN was noted, representing 801 023 786 visits nationally. Among these encounters, 2138 (10.3%) of the visits resulted in treatment intensification. Visits with the patient’s own PCP had higher rates of treatment intensification than visits to another PCP (10.8 vs. 5.9%, P < 0.0001). Visits for patients previously on antihypertensive medications had lower rates of treatment intensification (11% for no medications, 10.4% for one medication, 6.6% for ≥2 medications, P < 0.0001), but there were no statistically significant differences in rates of intensification for those with relevant comorbidities (9.4% for no chronic conditions, 10.8% for one to two chronic conditions, 8.9% for at least three chronic conditions, P = 0.12). Multivariable adjusted results were similar to the unadjusted findings.

CONCLUSION: Visits for patients with uncontrolled HTN rarely result in treatment intensification. Substantial opportunity exists to improve management of HTN, particularly for patients on fewer medications or seen by a covering provider.

PMID:37889569 | DOI:10.1097/HJH.0000000000003598

By Nevin Manimala

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