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Short-term outcomes associated with the use of a new powered circular stapler for rectal reconstructions: a retrospective study comparing it to manual circular staplers using inverse probability of treatment weight analysis

BMC Surg. 2023 Oct 28;23(1):332. doi: 10.1186/s12893-023-02218-w.


BACKGROUND: The most common postoperative complication in malignant rectal surgery is anastomotic leakage (AL). AL after anterior or low anterior resection in rectal tumors is a fatal postoperative complication. Recently, the first automated suture circular stapler, which is expected to reduce the incidence of AL, (J&J). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included a total of 248 rectal tumor patients who underwent double stapler technique (DST) anastomotic procedures in the department of gastroenterological surgery /pediatric surgery at Gifu University School of Medicine from January 2017 to December 2021. The experience of a single institution utilizing the The Echelon circular™ stapler (ECP stapler:Manual VS Automatic) in rectal surgery cases was evaluated retrospectively from maintained database.

RESULT: One hundred thirty-nine patients (58.4%) were performed by manual circular stapling, 99 patients (41.6%) by powerd circular stapling. Diverting stoma was performed in 45 cases (32.4%) by manual circular stapling, 42 patients (42.4%) by powerd circular stapling Postoperative complications were occurred clavien-dindo grade II or higher in 57 cases (23.9%) and grade III or higher in 20 cases (8.4%). Anastomotic leakage occurred in 14 patients (5.9%) within all grades. After IPTW, the variables of patient characteristics was SMD ≤ 0.2 (Table.3), and there was a significant difference in anastomotic leakage (Odds Ratio (OR), 0.57; 95% Confidence Interval(CI), 0.34-0.98; p = 0.041). In addition, there was no significant difference in postoperative complications in grade II or higher (OR, 0.88; 95%CI, 0.65-1.19; p = 0.417) and grade III or higher (OR, 0.46; 95%CI, 0.29-0.74; p = 0.001) were significantly remarkable lower in powered circular stapling group.

CONCLUSION: In this IPTW comparison of patients undergoing rectal reconstructions, the ECP trial cohort had lower risks of several surgical complications AL and statistically signifcant lower rates of ileus/bowel obstruction, infection, and bleeding as Clavien-Dindo ≥ grade II and III as compared with for whom manual circular staplers were used.

PMID:37898761 | DOI:10.1186/s12893-023-02218-w

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