Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2023 Sep;31(5):1021-1027. doi: 10.32687/0869-866X-2023-31-5-1021-1027.
The choice of specialty by graduate of medical university can be promoted by particular social, demographic and personal characteristics. Purpose of the study is to investigate demographic, social and personal characteristics of students in residency on specialty “General Medical Practice” in the Russian Federation. The sociological, statistical and analytical methods are applied. The sampling for survey consisted of 81 respondents. The specialty “General Medical Practice” is chosen mainly by women residing in city, non-married and without children. They are not characterized by participation in public life and they are characterized by the presence of hobbies (hobbies). The choice is conditioned by multidisciplinary nature of medical care and scope of professional horizons. They are attracted by treatment work and are less interested in pedagogy and science. In perspective, 80% of female respondents are going to get another specialty. More than 70% of respondents plan to work in out-patient conditions and predominantly in state sector of health care. For women, main goals of further professional training are improvement in main and adjoining specialties and career promotion. And in educational program, internal diseases are of greatest interest. The preferred forms of training are internships and e-learning. The main direction of improving educational process is increasing of scope of practical training. The comparative analysis of study results with data of previous publications was implemented. The factors influencing commitment to specialty are revealed. The proposals increasing attractiveness of general medical practice for graduates of medical universities and keeping in specialty after residency are formulated.