Cureus. 2023 Sep 28;15(9):e46169. doi: 10.7759/cureus.46169. eCollection 2023 Sep.
Background Sepsis is associated with increased Ca++ levels in many cell types that can cause cytotoxicity and cell death through multiple mechanisms. In patients with sepsis, limiting beta-adrenergic stimulation may also be beneficial. The intense adrenergic stimulation of sepsis results in cardiac and extra-cardiac effects. In the intensive care unit (ICU), the question of whether to continue calcium channel blockers (CCBs) and beta-blockers in patients with sepsis who were using these medications before ICU admission is of significant concern. Methodology In this prospective observational study, we have included 114 patients who met the inclusion criteria of being diagnosed as having sepsis, aged 18 to 65 years, and expected to stay in the ICU for more than 72 hours. These patients were divided into three groups: group 1 consisted of patients taking CCBs before admission, group 2 included those taking beta-blockers before admission, and group 3 served as the control group, comprising patients who had not taken either of these medications before admission. Disease severity in the ICU was assessed and documented by the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. Clinical outcomes among three groups were compared regarding the need for vasopressor support, serum procalcitonin (PCT), serum lactate, serum quantitative C-reactive protein (qCRP), SOFA score, and 28 days mortality. Parametric data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to analyze parametric data between the two groups and among three groups. Results Mortality was found lower in group 1 (21.05%) and group 2 (26.31%) than in group 3 (47.36%), and this association was found to be statistically significant (P = 0.033). We also found a significant difference in mortality between groups 1 and 3 (P = 0.015) and no significant difference between groups 2 and 3 (P = 0.057). Mortality was found to be significantly associated with high SOFA scores on days 1, 3, and 7. Conclusions From the aforementioned results, we concluded that the mortality rate in patients with sepsis was improved when they were pretreated with beta-blockers or CCBs before admission to the ICU and that medication should be continued if not contraindicated in the ICU course.