Transplantation. 2023 Nov 2. doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000004844. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: In the United States, only 13% of transplant surgeons are women. We evaluated gender distribution and trends of American authorship over the past 10 y in high-impact solid organ transplantation journals to gain insight into the current status of women authorship in transplantation.
METHODS: Original articles from 2012 to 2021 from the 5 highest-impact solid organ transplantation journals were extracted from Scopus. First and last author’s gender was predicted using Genderize.io. Data of first and last authors, article type and topic, location, citation, and funding metrics were analyzed. Chi-square, logistic regression, and trend tests were performed where appropriate. Statistical significance was set at <0.05.
RESULTS: Women’s first and last authorship increased over time among all journals. There was an increase in women first authors in the American Journal of Transplantation and in senior women authors in Liver Transplantation and Transplantation. Significant differences in gender authorship in lung, intestine, pancreas, general, and islet cell transplantation were found. Women’s last authorship was associated with 1.69 higher odds of having a woman first author when adjusting for year and journal. There was an increase in the rate of women’s first and last author collaborations over the years. Women last authors had 1.5 higher odds of being funded by the National Institutes of Health over the years.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite an increase in women transplant surgeons and physicians, the gap in women authorship in transplantation persists. Women’s last authorship was associated with higher odds of having a woman first author, pointing to the importance of mentorship for women joining the transplant academia.